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5800BCE

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§Asia

§China

Beginning of the Dadiwan culture in China.

a Neolithic culture found primarily in Gansu and western Shaanxi, China. The culture takes its name from the earliest layer found at the type site at Dadiwan. The remains of millet and pigs were found in sites associated with the culture. The culture shared several similarities with the Cishan and Peiligang cultures.

The type site at Dadiwan was discovered at Qin'an County, Gansu and excavated from 1975 to 1984. Dadiwan was built on a mountain slope south of the Qingshui River near the Wei River. The oldest layer of the site is from the Dadiwan culture, the middle layer is from the Yangshao culture and the youngest layer is from the Longshan culture.

The foundation of a large building, measuring 290 m² and 420 m² when including the outer courtyard, was discovered at Dadiwan. The building, known as F901, is described by Chinese archaeologists as a communal meeting hall. The building was built on an elevated rammed earth foundation, which was then layered with burnt clay.

§Middle East

§Mesopotamia

The Hassuna Period in Mesopotamia <t. 5500 BC>, with the earliest version of stamp-seals. (Roux 1980)

§North America

Neville points are being made by this time. Neville is an archaeological site on the bank of the Merrimack River in New Hampshire, the United States.

The first occupants arrived during the Middle Archaic (around 6000 BC) and left around 3900 BC. However, people had been visiting the site for more than 8,000 years. The first occupation, termed the Neville Complex, houses the remains of the "Neville" stemmed points. These were "bifacial projectile points with carefully shaped tips and symmetrical bodies." Neville points are believed to be a variant of the Stanly stemmed points and are found from Maine to Connecticut. These points were made between 5800 BC and 5000 BCE. Before 5000 BC, a new projectile point form had appeared. Dena Dincauze argues that Neville is a center for spring fishing and domestic activities and not hunting and plant processing. This is evidenced by the lack of hunting and plant processing tools.

The Neville site shows that Middle Archaic people of the Northeastern United States had a relationship with cultures along the Atlantic coast and even farther to the south. Some of the Neville points and tools are related to older Archaic sites in the southeastern United States.

The Neville site is located on the east bank of the Merrimack River in Manchester, New Hampshire. The site was occupied during the Middle Archaic period from ca. 6000-3900 BCE and is located close to the Amoskeag Falls, at 205 feet (62 m) above sea level. Because the river provided an almost endless supply of fish, the site's location was probably important in attracting the first foragers to camp at the site.

§Sources

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Page last modified on August 06, 2009, at 07:19 PM